March 11–July 4, 2016
The Power of Pictures: Early Soviet Photography and Film
Arkady Shaikhet, Express, 1939. Gelatin silver print, 15 5/8 × 21 1/8 in. Nailya Alexander Gallery, New York. Artwork © Estate of Arkady Shaikhet, courtesy of Nailya Alexander Gallery
Alexander Rodchenko. Sports Parade on Red Square, 1936. Gelatin silver print.
Sepherot Foundation, Vaduz, Liechtenstein. Artwork © Estate of Alexander Rodchenko (A. Rodchenko and V. Stepanova Archive) / RAO, Moscow / VAGA, New York. Image provided by the Sepherot Foundation
Arkady Shaikhet, Assembling the Globe at Moscow Telegraph Central Station, 1928, gelatin silver print, 17 3/4 x 13 3/8 in. Collection of Alex Lachmann, artwork © Estate of Arkady Shaikhet, courtesy of Nailya Alexander Gallery
Yakov Khalip. On Guard, 1938. Gelatin silver print. Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Museum purchase funded by the Caroline Wiess Law Accessions Endowment Fund, The Manfred Heiting Collection. Artwork used with permission by Nicolay Khalip. Image provided by Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
Grigory Kozintsev. The Overcoat (still), 1926. Black-and-white film, 66 minutes
Moisei Nappelbaum. The Poet Anna Akhmatova, 1924. Gelatin silver print. Collection of Alex Lachmann
Georgy Petrusov. New Building from Above, 1930. Gelatin silver print. Collection of Alex Lachmann. Artwork © Georgy Petrusov, courtesy of Alex Lachmann Collection
Georgy Zelma. Voice of Moscow, 1925. Gelatin silver print. Collection of Alex Lachmann
From early vanguard Constructivist works by Alexander Rodchenko and El Lissitzky to the modernist images of Arkady Shaikhet and Max Penson, Soviet photographers played a pivotal role in the history of modern photography. The Power of Pictures: Early Soviet Photography and Film examines how photography, film, and poster art were harnessed to disseminate Communist ideology, revisiting a moment in history when artists acted as engines of social change and radical political engagement. Covering the period from the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution through the 1930s, the exhibition explores how early modernist photography and film influenced a new Soviet style while energizing and expanding the nature of the media. Through more than 150 works, The Power of Pictures reveals how striking images by master photographers and filmmakers were seen as powerful propaganda tools in the new Soviet Union, and looks at photography and film together as influential and formally related media.
Content from Gallery Guide:
The Power of Pictures explores the relationship between art and politics, revisiting a point in history when artists were a primary engine of social change.
The early years of the Soviet Union (1921–32) were a period of great turmoil and stunning creativity. After the Russian Revolution new artistic approaches were required to reflect a dramatically altered reality. Artists turned to the camera as a new medium to document their young country. This exhibition presents iconic examples of both photography and film, uncovering their shared radical aesthetic in a moment of profound social transformation.
Initially, the Communist government encouraged the avant-garde: radical style was seen as the expression of radical politics. For a time, artistic invention operated in potent and fruitful synergy with activism. Photographers and filmmakers were urged to try unusual techniques: collage, montage, darkroom manipulation, unconventional camera angles, fast-paced editing, and shifts in depth of field allowed the viewer to experience a familiar reality from an unfamiliar perspective.
A large number of the most prominent photographers, photojournalists, and filmmakers were Jewish; as members of a recently emancipated minority, they welcomed the arrival of the Soviet Union, with its promise of a new, egalitarian world.
The period of intense innovation was brief. By 1932, as Joseph Stalin consolidated power, independent styles were no longer tolerated; the avant-garde itself became suspect. Artistic organizations were dissolved and replaced by state-run unions. Art was subject to strict state control, and required to promote an approved, idealized socialist agenda.
The work of the early Soviet camera artists—experimental, visionary, engaged—is remarkably relevant for our time. As we think about the role of images in the age of social media, it has numerous lessons to offer, particularly in regard to the circulation of pictures, the space between objectivity and manipulation, and the relationship of images to the mass public. It reminds us that to maintain a connection between art and politics is a matter of urgency. Indeed, we must understand the relationship of the two in order to critically examine our own culture.
Susan Tumarkin Goodman
Senior Curator Emerita
The Jewish Museum, New York
Deputy Director, Exhibitions and Public Programs
The Jewish Museum, New York
Film Schedule in the Galleries
Twelve films will be screened in the Frist Art Museum’s Upper-Level Galleries as a part of this exhibition on the following schedule:
CLICK HERE for a printable schedule of the screenings and film sypnopses
Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays*
10:30 a.m. Mother (87 min.)
12:00 p.m. Man with a Movie Camera (67 min.)
1:10 p.m. October (102 min.)
3:00 p.m. Storm over Asia (125 min.)
5:25 p.m. The House on Trubnaya (84 min.) Fridays only
*See synopses for rotating Friday evening schedules.
Tuesdays, Thursdays*, and Saturdays
10:30 a.m. The Fall of the Romanov Dynasty (87 min.)
12:00 p.m. Battleship Potemkin (72 min.)
1:15 p.m. Turksib (57 min.)
2:15 p.m. Aelita: Queen of Mars (111 min.)
4:10 p.m. By the Law (79 min.)
*See synopses for rotating Thursday evening schedules.
1:30 p.m. Man with a Movie Camera (67 min.)
3:00 p.m. Salt for Svanetia (52 min.)
4:00 p.m. The Overcoat (63 min.)
Read a review of the exhibition opening at the Jewish Museum by The New York Times art critic Holland Cotter.
This exhibition was organized by the Jewish Museum, New York. The Power of Pictures: Early Soviet Photography and Film is made possible by the Eugene and Emily Grant Family Foundation, The David Berg Foundation, Andrew and Marina Lewin Foundation, the Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation, and the Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation Exhibition Fund.