June 21–September 29, 2019

Monsters & Myths: Surrealism and War in the 1930s and 1940s

Upper-Level Galleries

  • Salvador Dalí. Apparition of Face and Fruit Dish on a Beach, 1938. Oil on canvas, 45 x 56 5/8 in. The Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art: The Ella Gallup Sumner and Mary Catlin Sumner Collection Fund, 1938.269. © 2019 Salvador Dalí, Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New
    York

  • André Masson. Tauromachy, 1937. Oil on canvas, 32 x 39 in. The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection, formed by Dr. Claribel Cone and Miss Etta Cone of Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.349. © 2019 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

  • Hans Bellmer. The Doll, 1935–36. Vintage gelatin silver print affixed to contemporary archival mount, 25 5/8 x 24 1/2 in. Ubu Gallery, New York and Gallerie Berinson, Berlin. © 2019 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

  • Pablo Picasso. Minotauromachy, 1935. Etching with foul biting, burnishing, and roulette, 22 1/2 x 30 1/2 in. The Baltimore Museum of Art: Gift of Israel and Selma Rosen, Baltimore, 1979.72. © 2019 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Gift of Israel and Selma Rosen, Baltimore

  • Joan Miró. A Night Scene, 1937. Brush and tempera on collage of printed papers and thin wood veneer over graphite, 25 1/4 x 16 in. The Baltimore Museum of Art: Bequest of Saidie A. May, 1951.337. © 2019 Successió Miró / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

  • André Masson. There Is No Finished World, 1942. Oil on canvas, 53 x 68 in. The Baltimore Museum of Art: Bequest of Saidie A. May, 1951.333. © 2019 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

  • Joan Miró. Summer, 1938. Opaque watercolor, 14 1/4 x 10 3/4 in. The Baltimore Museum of Art: Bequest of Saidie A. May, 1951.341. © 2019 Successió Miró / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

  • Maria Martins. The Two Sacred Ones, 1942. Bronze, 46 in. overall. The Baltimore Museum of Art: Anonymous Gift, BMA 1945.34. © 2019 Estate of Maria Martins / SPA, Lisbon / Licensed by VAGA at Artists Rights Society (ARS), NY

  • Max Ernst. Europe after the Rain II, 1940–42. Oil on canvas, 21 5/8 × 58 3/8 in. The Wadsworth Atheneum Art Museum: The Ella Gallup Sumner and Mary Catlin Sumner Collection Fund, 1942.281. © 2019 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

  • Mark Rothko. The Syrian Bull, 1943. Oil and graphite on canvas, 39 3/8 x 27 1/4 in. Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin, OH, Gift of Annalee Newman in honor of Ellen H. Johnson, 1991.41.1. © 1998 Kate Rothko Prizel & Christopher Rothko / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

  • Dorothea Tanning. The Temptation of Saint Anthony, 1945–46. Oil on canvas, 48 x 36 7/8 in. Private collection. © 2019 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

Featuring works by Salvador Dalí, Luis Buñuel, Max Ernst, René Magritte, Joan Miró, Pablo Picasso, Dorothea Tanning, and more, this exhibition explores the Surrealists’ portrayals of monsters, fragmented bodies, and other depictions of the grotesque as metaphors for the destabilizing consequences of war and psychological fears and fantasies of unbridled power. Through 79 objects, including paintings, drawings, prints, photographs, and periodicals drawn primarily from the collections of The Baltimore Museum of Art and the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Monsters & Myths highlights the brilliance and fertility of this period, which arose in response to Hitler’s rise to power, the Spanish Civil War, and World War II—events that profoundly challenged the revolutionary hopes that had guided most Surrealist artists in the 1920s. The powerfully disturbing images produced during this period were an effort to engage with psychological forces that propelled history, and the exhibition may inspire comparisons between the turmoil of the 1930s and 1940s and the political instability of today.


This exhibition was organized by The Baltimore Museum of Art and The Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art.


The exhibition and related programs have been made possible in part by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.


 

 

The Frist Art Museum gratefully acknowledges the generosity of our Picasso Circle members:

Mr. and Mrs. J. Barry Banker
Haley and Claiborne Blevins
Ann and Frank Bumstead
Mrs. Thomas H. Cato
John and Laura Chadwick
Rev. Fred and Kathryn Dettwiller
Sheryl and Steve Durham
Joel and Bernice Gordon
Patricia and Rodes Hart
Mrs. Marlene Hays
Glenna and Sam Hazen
Martha R. Ingram
R. Milton and Denice Johnson
Dr. and Mrs. Howard S. Kirshner
Ellen H. Martin
Ben and Joan Rechter
Jan and Stephen Riven
Mrs. Virginia T. Severinghaus
Caroline and Danny Shaw


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