November 5, 2021–January 30, 2022

Medieval Bologna: Art for a University City

Upper-Level Galleries

  • Nerio (Bologna, active late 13th and early 14th centuries). Cutting from a Choir Book (antiphonary): Easter Scenes (in initial A), ca. 1320. Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment, 9 3/8 x 9 3/8 in. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1912, 12.56.1

  • Niccolò di Giacomo di Nascimbene (Bologna, active 1349–1403). Cutting from a Choir Book (gradual): The Trinity (in initial B), ca. 1392–1402. Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment, 14 x 12 in. J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Gift of Elizabeth J. Ferrell, Ms. 115 (2017.122.1), leaf 1v

  • Seneca Master (Bologna, active early 14th century). Cutting from a Bible: The Sixth Day of Creation, early 1300s. Tempera and gold on parchment, 2 3/4 in. diameter. The Cleveland Museum of Art, The Jeanne Miles Blackburn Collection 2006.9

This is the first museum exhibition in the United States to focus on medieval art made in the northern Italian city of Bologna. Home to the oldest university in Europe, Bologna fostered a unique artistic culture at the end of the Middle Ages. With its large population of sophisticated readers, the city became the preeminent center of manuscript production south of the Alps and it helped bring about a revolution in the medieval book trade. Manuscripts circulated in a thriving market of scribes, illuminators, booksellers, and customers operating mostly outside traditional monastic scriptoria. The university initially specialized in law, and many law books were illuminated in Bologna with brightly colored scenes. University professors enjoyed high social status and were buried in impressive stone tombs carved with classroom scenes.

The approximately 70 objects in the exhibition span from the mid-1200s to 1400, from the first great flowering of manuscript illumination in Bologna to the beginnings of the construction and decoration of the ambitious Basilica of San Petronio in the city’s Piazza Maggiore. 

The exhibition will be accompanied by a catalogue with seven essays, and, while it is on view, the Frist Art Museum will host the Andrew Ladis Memorial Trecento Conference, a biannual event that brings together historians of medieval and Renaissance art from around the world.

Organized by the Frist Art Museum

Supported in part by grants from:
Samuel H. Kress Foundation (exhibition and catalogue)
Robert Lehman Foundation (exhibition)
NEA Artworks (exhibition, programming, and catalogue)
The Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation (catalogue)



Supported in part by


Supported in part by

NEA Artworks

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