June 26–October 12, 2015
Postcards of the Wiener Werkstätte
Moriz Jung (1885–1915). Viennese Café: The Man of Letters, Wiener Werkstätte Postcard 532, 1911. Chromolithograph. Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Neue Galerie New York
Maria Likarz (1893–1971). Fashion, Wiener Werkstätte Postcard 557, 1911. Chromolithograph. Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Neue Galerie New York
Josef Hoffmann (1870–1956), designer. For the Wiener Werkstätte, Vienna. Textile sample, Theben (Thebes), no. 49, 1910–15. Block-printed silk. The Wolfsonian–Florida International University, Miami Beach, Florida, The Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection, 1994.43.36
Josef Hoffmann (1870–1956). Easter Card, Wiener Werkstätte Postcard 5, 1910. Chromolithograph. Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Neue Galerie New York
Postcards of the Wiener Werkstätte: Selections from the Leonard A. Lauder Collection
With additional works from the collection of The Wolfsonian–Florida International University, Miami Beach
The Wiener Werkstätte (or Vienna Workshops) was an association of artists and artisans founded in 1903 by architect Josef Hoffmann and designer Koloman Moser with the support of textile industrialist Fritz Waerndorfer. By designing every aspect of daily life, they hoped to create a Gesamtkunstwerk (total work of art) and eliminate the distinction between high (fine) and low (decorative) art. This goal was shared by members of the Vienna Secession, a broader aesthetic group begun in 1897 by Gustav Klimt and other artists, and is related to the principles of the British Arts and Crafts movement, which aimed to recapture the high-quality craftsmanship found in preindustrialized society.
In 1907, the workshop began producing a numbered series of postcards, a line that was immediately popular and would eventually include nearly a thousand designs. The cards were a way to advertise the products the firm created, as well as an inexpensive vehicle for sharing good design with a large audience. All the major artists associated with the workshop illustrated postcards, including Hoffmann, Oskar Kokoschka, Dagobert Peche, and Egon Schiele. Women such as Hilda Jesser, Mela Koehler, and Maria Likarz created some of the most exceptional images.
More than three hundred postcards were selected for this exhibition from the holdings of the esteemed American collector Leonard A. Lauder. These miniature treasures are contextualized by over seventy decorative arts objects made by the Wiener Werkstätte on loan from The Wolfsonian–Florida International University, a museum of modern art and design in Miami Beach. Together, they bring to life the rich world of turn-of-the-century Vienna, including its cabarets and coffeehouses, historic sites, and elegant fashions, as well as beloved children’s stories and holiday traditions.
Postcards of the Wiener Werkstätte: Selections from the Leonard A. Lauder Collection was organized by Neue Galerie New York, with additional loans from The Wolfsonian–Florida International University, Miami Beach.
Listen to a recent interview on NPR with Janis Staggs, associate director for curatorial and publications at the Neue Galerie New York, speaking about Gustav Klimt's painting Woman in Gold.
Accompanying the exhibition:
Education Gallery: The Spaces of the Wiener Werkstätte
The Education Gallery contains large-scale reproductions of photographs from the Wiener Werkstätte archive at the MAK (Museum für angewandte Kunst), the Austrian Museum of Applied Arts in Vienna. These images of workshop facilities, where objects ranging from silverware to printed silk were designed, produced, and sold, reveal the scope of this artistic enterprise and provide additional context to the exhibition Postcards of the Wiener Werkstätte. The Education Gallery also features a reading area where visitors can explore books about the Wiener Werkstätte, its affiliated artists, and the postcard collections of Leonard Lauder in greater depth.
Location: Upper-Level Galleries